|Title||Impaired knowledge of adjective order constraints as overeager abstraction|
|Authors||Vandekerckhove, B., Sandra D., & Daelemans W.|
|Place Presented||Talk given at the BKL Language Day 2011, Antwerpen, Belgium.|
|Year of Publication||2011|
Recent work in neurolinguistics (Kemmerer et al., 2009) reports brain-damaged patients that are selectively impaired in their knowledge of the semantic constraints that govern prenominal adjective order. They performed poorly on a test that required them to discriminate between preferred and dispreferred adjective orderings (e.g. a big brown dog vs. a brown big dog) (Task 1). At the same time, their knowledge of the semantic classes with which these constraints interact (VALUE, SIZE, COLOR, etc.) seems to be spared, since they performed well on a task in which they had to choose which of two adjectives was most similar to a pivot adjective (e.g. whether the adjective good was more similar to bad or to tiny) (Task 3). They were also still able to discriminate between correct and incorrect orderings of adjectives in relation to other parts of speech (e.g. big field vs. field big) (Task 2), which suggests that they still have unimpaired knowledge of the purely syntactic constraints on adjective order.
|Keywords||adjectives, case-based reasoning, representation, semantics, symbolic computational modeling, syntax|